FTR Quarterly

FTR Quarterly – Issue 10

In This Issue: 5 Key Things for Employers to Consider in Drafting Termination Clauses in Employment Contracts, What Is – and What Isn’t – Constructive Dismissal: An Update, FTRQ&A with John Kloosterman: Key Differences Between Canadian and U.S. Employment Law and much more!

Human Resources Legislative Update

Beginning November 1, 2018, the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) will require private sector organizations to provide notice to affected individuals and the federal Office of the Privacy Commissioner (OPC) when a security incident involving personal information results in a “real risk of significant harm.” The supporting regulations, Breach of Security Safeguards…

Human Resources Legislative Update

It’s been a long time coming, but we finally know that mandatory breach notification is coming to Canada. Beginning November 1, 2018, the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) will require notification to affected individuals and the federal Privacy Commissioner when a security incident involving personal information results in a “real risk of significant…

Human Resources Legislative Update

On January 26, 2018, the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada issued a new position on the protection of online reputation. In doing so the OPC recognized a right to have personal information de-indexed from search engine results if it is inaccurate, incomplete or out-of-date. Although the position is in draft, is nonetheless of…

Case In Point

There has been significant discussion of the Supreme Court of Canada’s decisions in R v Jones and R v Marakah – cases in which the Court recognized a reasonable expectation of privacy in text messages that police obtained from others. In Jones, the police obtained messages from a telecom company and in Marakah the police…

FTR Now

This is a short note to our college and university clients – all of whom provide various services to their communities that are properly characterized as “health care” and therefore governed by the Personal Health Information Protection Act. Recent amendments to PHIPA give rise to questions about personal health information governance and the proper identity…

Human Resources Legislative Update

On September 2, 2017, the federal government published the proposed regulatory text of the Breach of Security Safeguards Regulations (Regulations) made under the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA). Interested persons have been invited to make representations on the Regulations. As previously reported, amendments to the PIPEDA enacted by the Digital Privacy Act…

Human Resources Legislative Update

On June 29, 2017, the Ontario government filed O. Reg. 224/17 amending O. Reg. 329/04 (General) made under the Personal Health Information Protection Act, 2004 (Act). The Act was amended in 2016 by the Health Information Protection Act, 2016…

FTR Now

This is to provide an update on significant developments relating to Canada’s Anti-Spam Legislation (CASL) in light of a government decision to delay changes anticipated to come into effect on July 1, 2017 and to review the much-maligned enactment. Introduction of Private Right of Action Delayed The federal government issued an Order in Council yesterday…

College Update

This is a short reminder to our college contacts about an often overlooked feature of the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (FIPPA) – the assignment of formal powers and duties to the Chair of the Board of Governors. These powers and duties include those related to the processing of freedom of information requests…

Human Resources Legislative Update

The Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada (OPC) recently provided guidance on the new provisions of the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) that allow organizations to share information for investigation and fraud prevention purposes. The amendments, in force since 2015, give organizations significant flexibility to address cyber-crime and fraud by allowing…

Case In Point

Early in 2016, we reported on a case in which the Ontario Superior Court articulated a new private tort: “public disclosure of embarrassing private facts.” The plaintiff in that case had been coaxed by a former boyfriend (the defendant) to send him a sexually explicit video of herself. Despite promising the plaintiff confidentiality, the defendant…

Information & Privacy Post

Responding to a data security incident is as much art as science. Whatever size your organization and whatever risks you face, you should have a detailed incident response plan to guide the efforts of a defined incident response team…

Case In Point

Canada’s Anti-Spam Legislation is relatively new, onerous and far from elegant. Organizations have been weighing the risks the best they can – and in doing so have puzzled over how to account for CASL’s provision for penalties of up to $10 million. On October 26th, the CRTC issued a decision in which it held that a company…

Case In Point

Organizations subject to Canadian privacy law should be aware that the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada (together with the Australian Information Commissioner) recently issued a report on the 2015 breach of the Ashley Madison website – a breach that affected nearly 35 million individuals who had used the online dating site for adults…

Human Resources Legislative Update

On March 4, 2016, the federal government posted Data Breach Notification and Reporting Regulations (Regulations) for public discussion. Amendments to the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) enacted by the Digital Privacy Act (Bill S-4) will, upon proclamation, require private sector organizations to notify the public in circumstances where security safeguards involving their…

Case In Point

In a case that can only add to the risk of privacy claims faced by organizations, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice recently awarded damages based on the new tort of “public disclosure of embarrassing private facts.” In Doe 464533 v N.D., the Court awarded damages to a plaintiff whose former boyfriend coaxed her to…

Case In Point

Last Thursday, the Court of Appeal for British Columbia issued an important decision in Equustek Solutions Inc. v. Google Inc. about the power of a domestic court to make orders against non-party, internet “intermediaries” – in this case, search engine provider Google. The matter involved an order made to help a network hardware manufacturer enforce…

FTR Now

Employers should be aware that a provision of Canada’s Anti-Spam Legislation (“CASL”) is coming into force on January 15, 2015 which may have an impact on employers’ bring your own devices (“BYOD”) policies. Section 8 of CASL prohibits a person from installing or “causing to be installed”, in the course of commercial activity, a computer…

FTR Quarterly

2014 Summer Edition

Focus on Information Management and Privacy Information and privacy – the HR sphere and beyond Legal Developments A diminished expectation: computer use policies and privacy in the post- world New policy sheds light on gender discrimination prevention People Privacy, please Download PDF

Case In Point

Below is a post I wrote for All About Information regarding a significant decision rendered by the Supreme Court of Canada last Friday on the scope of the “advice and recommendations” exemption from disclosure found in the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act: “Yesterday the Supreme Court of Canada held that the “advice and recommendations” exemption…

FTR Now

Today, the Supreme Court of Canada rendered a significant decision in Alberta (Information and Privacy Commissioner) v. United Food and Commercial Workers, Local 401. The unanimous Court held that the Alberta Personal Information Protection Act (“PIPA”) infringes a union’s right of expression under section 2(b) of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (“Charter“). In…

Information & Privacy Post

Dear Friends: It’s early October 2013, and here’s what’s on our minds. With great pleasure, we’ve released this year’s Information and Privacy Post – a review of 60 information management and privacy cases that caught our attention in the last year. We like the exercise of producing the Post because pulling together and organizing recent…

FTR Now

Organizations with operations in Manitoba need to be aware that the Manitoba Legislature has recently passed new privacy legislation that will apply to the private sector and, to a lesser degree, to the not-for-profit sector – The Personal Information Protection and Identity Theft Prevention Act (“PIPITPA” or the “Act”). PIPITPA will establish rules for the…

FTR Now

Organizations should be paying close attention to data loss prevention and response in light of recent developments. Recent media frenzies over the loss of portable storage devices illustrate that individuals’ fears and perceptions can cause great pressure on organizations even when the risk of real harm to individuals is remote. In addition, the risk of…

Case In Point

The desire to use personal mobile devices to undertake work has risen like the incoming tide. Employers must make a choice: turn the tide on the use of personal devices by re-enforcing an outright ban or chart a thoughtful path to higher “Bring Your Own Device” or “BYOD” ground. Employers that do neither will sink…

Case In Point

The Supreme Court of Canada has granted leave to appeal in United Food and Commercial Workers, Local 401 v Alberta (Attorney General), a decision from the Alberta Court of Appeal which raised extremely broad questions about the constitutionality of Alberta’s commercial sector privacy statute in disposing of a dispute about the right of a union…

FTR Now

On September 26, 2012, the Ontario Minister of Finance announced draft omnibus legislation, the Protecting Public Services Act, 2012 (the “Draft Bill”), which would implement new compensation restraint measures for the Broader Public Sector (“BPS”), and would impose a significant new provincially mandated collective bargaining regime. The Draft Bill would also make changes to the…

Information & Privacy Post

Dear Friends: It’s late August 2012, and here’s what’s on our minds. Our Information and Privacy Post is back. This edition contains 61 case summaries relating to the protection of confidential business information, electronic evidence, freedom of information, privacy, privilege and production. It has been a remarkable year. Canadian privacy law, in particular, has made…

FTR Now

On January 18th, 2012, the Court of Appeal for Ontario recognized a new “intrusion upon seclusion” civil cause of action. In this FTR Now, we describe the new cause of action (or “tort”) and identify its significance to employers. THE INTRUSION UPON SECLUSION TORT Under Ontario law it is now clear that individuals can sue…

FTR Now

It’s January 2012. Last year the Court of Appeal for Ontario recognized that an employee had a reasonable expectation of privacy that arose out of his personal use of a work computer. As discussed in a companion FTR Now called How the New Privacy Tort Will Affect Employers, this month the Court of Appeal recognized…

This comprehensive guide covers everything that a lawyer needs to know about conducting e-discovery, from preservation to proportionality to costs. Hicks Morley’s Dan Michaluk contributed to a chapter on privacy in e-discovery and a chapter on accessing employee electronic information. View Brochure Order here

FTR Now

On November 7, 2011, the Information and Privacy Commissioner/Ontario (“IPC”) issued a significant order for Ontario universities. It held that the IPC has exclusive jurisdiction to decide whether a record is in the custody or control of a university in the context of an access request under the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy…

FTR Now

One week ago, the Ontario Court of Appeal issued a judgement that is very significant for its consideration of an employee’s expectation of privacy in personal information stored on a work computer. In R. v. Cole, the Court recognized an expectation of privacy in the specific circumstances of the case, but also demonstrated a willingness…

School Board Update

One week ago, the Ontario Court of Appeal issued a judgement that is very significant for its consideration of an employee’s expectation of privacy in personal information stored on a work computer. In R. v. Cole, the Court recognized an expectation of privacy in the specific circumstances of the case, but also demonstrated a willingness…

FTR Now

The new provisions incorporated into the Occupational Health and Safety Act (“OHSA”) by Bill 168 came into force on June 15, 2010. These provisions make clear that colleges must take every precaution reasonable in the circumstances to protect their workers from workplace violence. In this bulletin, we focus on the college duty to manage the…

FTR Now

On June 17th, the Supreme Court of Canada issued a significant judgement on access to government information. In Ontario (Public Safety and Security) v. Criminal Lawyers’ Association, 2010 SCC 23 (CanLII) (the “CLA” case), it held that the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (the “Charter“) gives the public a limited right of access to…

FTR Now

On May 25th, the federal government introduced Bill C-29, the Safeguarding Canadians’ Personal Information Act, and Bill C-28, the Fighting Internet and Wireless Spam Act. If passed, these Bills would make changes to the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (“PIPEDA” or the “Act”) that are of significance to federal sector employers, as well…

FTR Now

The Canadian Association of University Teachers recently published a memorandum about records in the possession of faculty members that raises some significant issues for Ontario universities. In a memorandum dated April 8, 2009, and now published on the internet, the association states, “Based on collective agreements, memorandum of agreements, faculty handbooks and on past practice…

Information & Privacy Post

We’re happy to publish the first 2009 edition of the Hicks Morley Information and Privacy Post! As usual, we have summarized the most recent and notable cases relating to privacy and access to information, protection of confidential business information and the law of production. So what’s new? Much has been said about Leduc v. Roman,…

Educator’s Guide to Human Rights[/caption] The only book devoted to providing educators with a straightforward guide to human rights law, explaining how it works within the framework of the Canadian education system. View Brochure Order here

FTR Now

We would like to build this bulletin around the diagram below, which illustrates a very common model by which employers manage medical information – i.e., one in which the employer seeks information from an employee’s treating physician through its own medical adviser. The point we’d like to make is that role definition is key to…

Information & Privacy Post

Dear Friends Another year of interesting and significant developments in the law of information and privacy! In 2008 we brought you three editions of the Information and Privacy Post, and have consolidated our case law digests in this Year in Review. It’s written for our management-side client base, but available to all. We hope you…

FTR Now

The Ontario and BC Privacy Commissioners have released a Practice Tool for Exercising Discretion in the context of violence prevention at universities, colleges and other educational institutions. A copy of the Practice Tool can be found here. The Practice Tool is an important part of the Commissioners’ attempts to educate institutions about their abilities to…

FTR Now

This short university sector bulletin raises an important policy issue about setting rules that govern the choice faculty and staff have in using the internet to perform their jobs. We would like to raise and invite a policy discussion on the legal issues raised by “cloud computing” and the increasing business use of consumer-marketed internet…

Information & Privacy Post

ENJOY YOUR SUMMER! We hope you enjoy this mid-summer edition of the Hicks Morley Information & Privacy Post – our quarterly newsletter about case law developments in privacy, access to information, the protection of confidential business information and the law of production. We’ve had a busy summer for client relations here, having recently launched a…

News

The tragic recent events involving 18-year old Carleton University student Nadia Kajouji have once again called attention to universities’ responsibilities when managing students who are at risk of harming themselves or others. As is now well known from media reports, Ms. Kajouji’s body was recovered from the Rideau River in Ottawa in late April, and…

FTR Now

In this issue Canadian e-discovery enters next era FREEDOM OF INFORMATION – EXCEPTIONS – PRIVILEGE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION – EXCEPTIONS – UNJUSTIFIED INVASION OF PERSONAL PRIVACY FREEDOM OF INFORMATION – FREEDOM OF THE PRESS PRIVACY – ACCESS TO PERSONAL INFORMATION PRIVACY – APPLICATION, EXCLUSIONS AND MATTERS OF JURISDICTION PRIVACY – COLLECTION USE AND DISCLOSURE –…

News

Litigation Podcast

The upward trend in employee mobility has caused employers to think more about departing employee litigation. Is that restrictive covenant worth the paper it’s written on? What exactly is a fiduciary duty? Download a discussion between three of our litigators, Ian Dick, Stephen Gleave, and Dan Michaluk, on these timely issues. Download podcast (23MB)

FTR Now

IN THIS ISSUE: What would the reasonable administrator do? When there is imminent risk of serious harm Managing non-imminent risks is challenging but possible Conclusion – Schools should assert their right to information On April 17, 2007, Cho Seung Hui, a 23-year-old fourth year undergraduate at Virginia Tech shot and killed 32 students and teachers….